New SAE EDGETM Research Reports

Examine the most significant emerging topics in mobility engineering. Each report is designed to identify critical issues and stimulate further discussion and research toward the necessary frameworks, practices, and protocols.

Inform Strategy. Explore Critical Advancements.

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Providing a Framework for Thinking Through Emerging Topics

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Sort through new technological challenges and chart a path forward, with the widest possible variety of perspectives. Each Research Report author gathers key contributors from industry, academia, and government.
Unsettled Topics Concerning Sensors for Automated Road Vehicles
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Unsettled Technology Areas in Autonomous Vehicle Test and Validation
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Unsettled Topics Concerning Sensors for Automated Road Vehicles

Sample the first SAE EDGE™ Research Report, which identifies key unsettled issues of interest to the automotive industry regarding the new generation of sensors designed for vehicles capable of automated driving.

Four main issues are outlined in this report:

  • Specifying a standardized terminology and taxonomy
  • Generating standardized tests and procedures for verifying, simulating, and calibration
  • Creating a standardized set of tools and methods to ensure the security, robustness, and integrity of collected data
  • The ownership and privacy of data collected – while important, this issue is considered only briefly due to its broad scope
About the Author:

Sven Beiker, Ph.D. is the Founder and Managing Director of Silicon Valley Mobility, a mobility consulting and advisory firm that specializes in technical diligence, product roadmaps, and business models for mobility topics. The engagements span startups, investors, and corporations in the mobility and adjacent industries. In addition, Dr. Beiker is a Lecturer at the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University where he instructs students on strategies for startups and corporations in the field of automated, connected, electrified, and shared mobility.

Unsettled Technology Areas in Autonomous Vehicle Test and Validation

Sample this SAE EDGE™ Research Report, which explores the enormous validation challenges presented by the rapid development highly- or fully-autonomous vehicle capabilities. It reviews existing approaches, examining their effectiveness, and presents critical techniques required to bring safe and effective solutions to market.

This report investigates key issues, including:

  • The challenges of compressing human learning and the “rules of the road” into ADS systems
  • Regulations which inform and affect ADS testing and validation approaches
  • Hardware validation and natural language processing
  • Progressive structures: evolving requirements to ensure future safety
Series Editor:

Dr. Rahul Razdan is the Sr. Director of Special Projects at Florida Polytechnic University, and manager of the university’s Advanced Mobility Institute. He has been recognized by the ACM and IEEE with “Hall of Fame” inductions for his work. He led several startups in areas such as EDA, wireless power, and AI machine learning, with successful exits with companies such as Xilinx and Qualcomm. He served in senior corporate roles at Flextronics, Cadence and DEC. Rahul is named on over 24 issued patents and has a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Harvard University. He also has a MS degree and BS degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Carnegie Mellon University.

Aerospace
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Alternative Powertrains
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Commercial Vehicles
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Connected and Automated
Vehicles
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Engines
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Fuels and
Lubricants
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Materials and
Manufacturing
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Passenger Cars - Electronic and Electrical Systems
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Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems
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Transportation Cybersecurity and Privacy
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Transportation
Safety
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Vehicle Dynamics, Stability,
and NVH
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SAE International Journal of Alternative Powertrains

A forum for scholarly publication of peer-reviewed original research and review papers that address challenges and present opportunities in alternative and electric powertrains and propulsion technology, the Journal facilitates discussion between researchers, engineers, academic faculty and students, and industry practitioners.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Electric drives
  • Electromobility systems
  • Hybrid technology
  • Battery and super-capacitor technology
  • Power electronics
  • Energy storage systems
  • Fuel cell technology
  • Charging and Smart Grid infrastructures
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Zoran Filipi, Ph.D., Clemson University, leads a team of associate editors representing industry and academia on three continents.

Dr. Filipi is the Timken Endowed Chair in Vehicle Design and Development at Clemson University. He has served as a research professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan and Director of the Center for Engineering Excellence through Hybrid Technology. His research interests are in alternative and hybrid powertrain systems, advanced internal combustion engine concepts, alternative fuels, and energy for transportation. He is the recipient of the SAE Forest R. McFarland Award, the IMechE Donald Julius Groen Award, and the University of Michigan Research Faculty Achievement Award. He is also an SAE Fellow.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus
  • JSTOR Sustainability Collection

SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles

Showcasing state-of-the-art engineering research by promoting high-quality theoretical and applied investigations, the Journal publishes peer-reviewed scientific articles on the design, modeling, controlling, and testing of commercial vehicles that bring strong empirical and theoretical contributions to the current and future body of knowledge.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Vehicle dynamics, green design, modeling, simulation, and performance optimization
  • Electronic/mechatronic systems, advanced concepts, and technologies
  • Noise, vibration, harshness; crashworthiness; fatigue/durability; reliability analysis
  • On-/off-road terrain characterization/modeling and vehicle-terrain interaction
  • Driver-assistance and autonomous systems; driver-vigilance modeling and sensing
  • Energy conservation/recovery
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Corina Sandu, Ph.D., Virginia Tech, leads a team of associate editors representing top engineering universities, as well as leading tire and mining equipment manufacturers.

Dr. Sandu is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Virginia Tech, an ASME Fellow, and the Director of the Advanced Vehicle Dynamics Laboratory. Dr. Sandu's research focuses on the modeling and simulation of multibody dynamics under uncertainty, parameter estimation, design optimization, stochastic soil and terrain modeling, on- and off-road vehicle dynamics, tire and track modeling, and terramechanics. She received the SAE Ralph R. Teetor Educational Award in 2007, the SAE Forest R. McFarland Award, and the Rodica Baranescu Award in 2013. Dr. Sandu is Chair of the SAE Chassis and Suspension Committee and Secretary of the ASME DED Executive Committee.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus

SAE International Journal of Engines

Spotlighting peer-reviewed, innovative, and archival technical articles that have long-term impact on the research, design, analysis, control, and emissions of internal combustion engine development and design, the Journal aims to be the internationally recognized definitive source for researchers and engineers in the area of engine research.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Engine combustion and emissions
  • Engine design and analysis
  • Engine durability and wear
  • Engine efficiency
  • Engine noise, vibration, and harshness
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Dr. Thomas W. Ryan III leads a team of associate editors representing top global automotive corporations, research institutes, and laboratories.

Over the past 35 years, Dr. Ryan has specialized in the areas of engine, fuels, and combustion technology. He has performed both basic and applied combustion research in experiments involving very basic combustion processes and sophisticated diagnostics to actual internal combustion engine systems. Much of his work has involved the application of the appropriate diagnostic techniques in experiments involving both real and simulated combustion environments. Dr. Ryan is the 2008 President of SAE International.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus
  • JSTOR Sustainability Collection

SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants

Providing peer-reviewed research with a focus on transitions from the traditional to the cutting edge of fuels and lubricants in automotive engineering, the Journal aims to be the primary source of information for comprehensive and innovative research from academicians, scientists, and industrial researchers in fuels, lubricants, additives, and catalysts.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Fuel properties and effects
  • Alternative and advanced fuels
  • Lubricants
  • Surface engineering and automotive tribology
  • Additives
  • Deposits
  • Fuel, lubricant, and additive effects on engine performance, emissions, fuel economy, catalyst technology, and environmental implications
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Nadir Yilmaz, Ph.D., PE, Howard University, leads a multi-continental team of associate editors representing top global automotive corporations, research institutes, and renewable energy labs.

Dr. Yilmaz has been a noted author of many publications in the fields of combustion, CFD, rocket propellants, alternative fuels, and internal combustion engines. He is a Fellow of ASME, NSPE, and SAE International. Dr. Yilmaz received the 2014 NSPE National Young Engineer of the Year, given to a professional engineer younger than age 35 in the United States. He also won the SAE International Excellence in Engineering Education “Triple E” Award in 2016, the SAE Ralph R. Teetor Educational Award in 2011, and the SAE Faculty Advisor Award in 2013 and 2016.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus
  • JSTOR Sustainability Collection

SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing

Presenting and promoting wide-ranging, authoritative, and in-depth research and analytical findings in the areas of materials, design, and manufacturing, this peer-reviewed Journal addresses integration and implementation of scientific and engineering practices that advance the state of the art and benefit society.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Materials: materials development, analysis, modeling, and testing (including ferrous/non-ferrous materials, composites, nano-technologies, and coatings)
  • Design: design analysis, modeling, simulations, and optimization (including robust design, durability, reliability, quality, uncertainty, and sustainability)
  • Manufacturing: manufacturing practices, processes, simulations, and methodologies (including forming, joining, assembling, lean manufacturing, and supply chain)
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Dr. Mohamed El-Sayed, Eastern Michigan University, leads a team of associate editors representing prestigious engineering universities and multinational corporations on three continents.

Dr. El-Sayed is the Director of the School of Engineering Technology at Eastern Michigan University. For over 20 years, he served as a professor of mechanical engineering and Director of the Vehicle Integration & Durability Laboratory at Kettering University in Michigan. He is a well-recognized technical leader in vehicle integration, vehicle development, optimization, and validation. He is an SAE and ASME fellow, as well as the inaugural chair of the SAE Journals’ Editorial Board.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus
  • JSTOR Sustainability Collection

SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars — Electronic and Electrical Systems

Aiming to be the primary source of comprehensive and innovative research in the areas of electrical and electronic systems and components, the Journal publishes peer-reviewed, authoritative, non-biased original research — theoretical and applied — on the electrical and electronics systems of modern passenger automobiles.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Connectivity and communications
  • Controls
  • Active safety
  • Infotainment
  • Intelligent vehicle systems
  • Electromagnetic compatibility
  • Actuators
  • Diagnosis
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Dr. Elias Strangas, Michigan State University, leads a team representing the United States’ leading research universities and automotive manufacturers.

Dr. Strangas is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Michigan State University. His research interests pertaining to electromagnetic energy conversion include numerical methods for the calculation of fields and machine parameters, design of electrical machines, design of electrical drives and drive controllers, control of electrical drives with minimal sensors, fault diagnosis and prognosis of electrical drive systems, drive system reliability, and electric and hybrid powertrain analysis.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus

SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars — Mechanical Systems

The predominant scholarly publication for research and developments relating to the mechanical systems of light-duty, on-road passenger vehicles, the Journal rigorously peer reviews and disseminates authoritative, non-biased original research — theoretical and applied — and informative case studies with respect to the mechanical systems that comprise modern on-road automobiles.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Optimization
  • Dynamics
  • Interiors and exteriors
  • Individual parts, components, assemblies, and systems
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Dr. Christopher D. Morgan, Ph.D., Autoliv ASP Inc., leads a team representing the United States’ leading research universities and automotive manufacturers.

Dr. Morgan serves as Technical Specialist for Autoliv ASP Inc. He has more than 20 years of engineering experience across various sectors of the automotive industry. He is a member of SAE International, a board-certified member of the Institute of Noise Control Engineers, and is registered as a professional engineer in Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Virginia, and Washington, DC. He is currently a member of the SAE Inflatable Restraints Standards Committee and the SAE Impulse Noise Task Force and is past chairman of the Passenger Car Steering, Chassis, and Suspension Readers Committee, the Technical Quality Response Team, and the Congress Noise and Vibration Conference Committee. Morgan received the SAE Forest R. McFarland Award in 2007 for contributions to session and organizational efforts for the SAE World Congress.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus

SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety

A forum for peer-reviewed scholarly works concerning all aspects of injury causation and mitigation associated with any transportation system (including safety mechanisms, impact, and injury response and tolerance on multiple scales), this Journal aims to facilitate the development of restraint, vehicle, and infrastructure environments that are safer for the occupant, rider, passerby, and warfighter.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Biomechanics
  • Crashworthiness
  • Accident reconstruction
  • Physical and computational modeling
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Warren Hardy, Ph.D., Virginia Tech, leads a team of associate editors representing government, academic, and industry research institutions specializing in biomechanical studies, as well as transportation safety and technology.

Dr. Hardy serves as Director of the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University Center for Injury Biomechanics on the Virginia Tech campus. His research interests focus on traumatic brain injury, aortic rupture, abdominal injury, and combat-related trauma. He organizes and chairs sessions for the SAE WCX and the World Congress of Biomechanics and is a former chair of the Scientific Program Committee of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. He is a member of the Stapp Advisory, SAE International, ASME, IEEE, AAAM, and BMES.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)
  • Scopus
  • JSTOR Sustainability Collection

SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH

Featuring original research and review papers focusing on vehicle dynamics, stability, noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) of ground, marine, and aerospace vehicles, this Journal provides a peer-reviewed platform for researchers, engineers, and academicians to present their advanced theoretical and experimental work for developing quieter, more comfortable, and dynamically superior vehicles.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Ground vehicle dynamics, ride, handling, braking, stability, and control
  • Analysis and control of loads and motion related to ground vehicle dynamics and stability
  • Rigid and flexible multi-body modeling techniques and applications for ground vehicle dynamics
  • Active and semi-active suspension and mounting techniques
  • Intelligent driving techniques related to vehicle dynamics
  • Dynamics and NVH of ground vehicle components, including body structure/chassis/suspension/steers/brakes/tires/mounts/shock absorbers
  • NVH of engine/powertrain/driveline/accessories/intake/exhaust
  • Numerical methods and NVH measurement
  • Passive and active NVH control
  • Materials and methods used to solve NVH problems
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Peijun Xu, Ph.D., leads a team representing leading research universities and industrial organizations in the United States, Asia, and Europe.

Dr. Xu has more than 20 years of experience in vehicle research and development, focusing on vehicle dynamics, durability, lightweighting, and NVH. Dr. Xu’s industry experience includes R&D work at Chrysler, Commercial Vehicle Group, and Ebco Inc. He is a member of the SAE Chassis and Suspension Committee, SAE Materials Modeling and Testing Committee, SAE Technical Quality Response Team, and ASME Vehicle Design Committee. He has been a co-organizer for the SAE WCX Vehicle Loads and Performance program since 2005. Dr. Xu served as chair of the SAE Materials Modeling and Testing Committee between 2014 and 2016. Xu received the SAE Forest R. McFarland Award in 2011 and was elected to be an SAE Fellow in 2014.

Indexed in:
  • ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Web of Science)
  • Engineering Village (Ei Compendex)

Connected and Automated Vehicles: An SAE International Journal

NEW IN 2018

This new, peer-reviewed Journal furthers the state of the art of engineering research by promoting high-quality theoretical and applied investigations in the arena of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) in on-road, off-road, and aerial operational environments. The journal publishes strong theoretical and empirical contributions to the body of engineering knowledge surrounding various facets of the lifecycle treatment (design, modeling, controlling, testing, demonstration, and experimentation) of connected and automated vehicles with an emphasis on the system perspective.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Active perception architectures and implementations (radar, vision, lidar) for CAVs
  • Sensors, sensor fusion (infrastructure and vehicle-based) for CAVs
  • Vehicle design, analysis, and control enhancements for CAVs
  • Electrification/vehicle electronics architectures and implementations for CAVs
  • Big data analysis, cloud computing architectures
  • Vehicle navigation and situational awareness
  • Human machine interaction design (driver- and controller-interfaces)
  • Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs)
Editor-in-Chief:

Editor-in-Chief Venkat Krovi, Ph.D., FASME, Michelin Endowed Chair Professor of Vehicle Automation, Clemson University—International Center for Automotive Research.

Dr. Krovi’s research interests are in the lifecycle treatment (design, modeling, analysis, control, implementation, and verification) of novel automation and cyber-physical systems, focusing both on theoretical formulation and experimental validation. His work examines novel design-architectures and scalable-control approaches for modulating physical power (motions/forces) in Distributed Systems to unlock this “power of the many” in emerging automotive, plant-automation, co-robotics, and defense application arenas. His research has been funded by NSF, DARPA, and ARO as well as numerous state and industrial grants. His work has been published in more than 175 journal/conference articles, book chapters, and patents. He has received multiple awards, including the National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award, and the Petro-Canada Young Innovator Award.

Transportation Cybersecurity and Privacy: An SAE International Journal

NEW IN 2018

This new, peer-reviewed Journal publishes high-quality scientific articles focusing on the Cyber-Physical System (CPS) related areas of transportation cybersecurity and privacy, focusing on passenger vehicles, commercial and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as aerospace, rail, and maritime systems. Articles can present methods, tools, implementations, and applications of research in transportation cybersecurity and privacy around technologies, cybersecurity engineering processes, and security economics and environments.
The Journal covers a range of subject areas, including:
  • Cybersecurity of sensors and cyber-physical systems
  • Design of resilient architectures and applications
  • Privacy and data protection issues in transportation systems
  • Hardware security and secure hardware modules
  • Security of vehicular communications (on-board, between vehicles, and between vehicles and infrastructure)
  • Cybersecurity engineering process
  • Privacy by design
  • Security throughout the system life-cycle
  • Security economics of both attackers and defenders
Co-Editors:

Co-Editors Thomas M. Forest, General Motors Research & Development; Kevin Harnett, Department of Transportation (DOT)/Volpe National Transportation Systems Center; and Dr. André Weimerskirch, Lear Corporation, head an Editorial Board composed of researchers from organizations leading the field for cyber-physical vehicle security and privacy.

Mr. Forest is a member of the Electrical & Controls Systems Research Laboratory, working primarily in the areas of vehicle cybersecurity, vehicle electrical architecture, in-vehicle networking, and safety-critical systems. Since 2011 he has been the chairman of the SAE Vehicle Electrical Systems Security Committee and has over 30 years of experience in automotive electrical system design.

Mr. Harnett is a Cybersecurity Program Manager (PM) with more than 36 years of experience providing technical leadership in planning, implementing, and managing high-priority programs involving cybersecurity and risk management for the DOT, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), National Highway and Traffic Safety (NHTSA), DOD/USAF, Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA), NASA, DHS, and other agencies.

Active in all areas of automotive and transportation cybersecurity and privacy, Dr. Weimerskirch is a main designer of the vehicle-to-vehicle security system, which will likely be the largest security system ever deployed. He is co-founder of the American workshop on embedded security in cars (escar USA), vice chair of the SAE Vehicle Electrical System Security Committee, co-chair of the Michigan Mobility Transformation Center (MTC) cybersecurity working group, co-organizer the SAE ComVEC heavy vehicle cybersecurity session, and a member of the joint SAE/ISO Cybersecurity Working Group.

SAE EDGE™ Research Report: Key Topics & Emerging Technologies

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Ground Vehicle:
  • Automated Vehicles/Artificial Intelligence
  • Simulations
  • Advanced Propulsion
  • Advanced Manufacturing
  • Electric Vehicles/Battery Testing
  • Autonomous Vehicle Public Perception
  • Electric Vehicles/Auxiliary Range Extenders
  • Connected Vehicles/DSRC v. Cellular
  • Accident Reconstruction/Crash Data
  • Connected Vehicles/Cybersecurity
  • Electric Vehicles/Resources Needed
      (rare earth, lithium, GaN/SiC, etc.)
  • Connected Vehicles/IoT and Connectivity
  • Automated Vehicles, HD Maps
  • Connected Vehicles, 5G
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Aerospace:
  • Aircraft Electrification, Automation, and Connectivity
  • Advanced Manufacturing/Materials Science
  • Advanced Manufacturing/Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  • More-Electric and All-Electric Aircraft
  • Automated Vehicles/Unmanned Aircraft
  • Electrification/Energy Storage and Power Management
  • Automated Systems and Autonomous Aircraft
  • Electric Vehicles/Urban Air Mobility and eVTOL
  • Advanced Propulsion/Supersonic and Hypersonic, Hybrid Electric
  • Advanced Manufacturing and MRO/Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality (AR/VR)
  • Advanced Manufacturing/Digital Twins and Digital Thread
  • Advanced Propulsion/Space Launch and Thrust
  • Connected Vehicles/5G, Cybersecurity
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